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Dysprosium

Summary:

Dysprosium (Dy) will play an important role in the future use of renewable energy sources due to its ability to resist demagnetization in rare earth permanent magnet applications. These types of magnets are widely used in motors, electric vehicles, generators, wind turbines, and data-storage applications. According to Roskill, rare earth permanent magnet applications are evaluated at 29% of total REE demand in 2020 and are expected to make up around 40% of rare earth demand by 2030. The global consensus and efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is going to continue to drive demand for metals, such as dysprosium, that are critical in the production of low emission technologies.

Key applications of rare earth permanent magnet (NdFeB):

  • EV traction motors
  • micromotors
  • sensors and
  • speakers
  • wind power generators
  • industrial robots
  • electric scooters and
  • bicycles

Key industries of demand:

Over 90% of all electric vehicles produced to-date use permanent magnet traction motors containing neodymium-iron-boron (“NdFeB”) magnets, that contain the critical rare earth elements neodymium, praseodymium, dysprosium, and terbium. Additionally, electric vehicles contain dozens of micromotors, sensors and speakers powered by NdFeB magnets. They help reduce vehicle weight and thereby increase electric driving range. The rising use of NdFeB magnets in electric vehicles, alongside a growing list of other end-uses and applications, is reflected by strong forecasts for rare earth demand growth for the years ahead.

Price movement:

On top of supply constraints from the burgeoning EV market, there are also concerns that China will consider stronger regulations governing the country’s dominant rare earths industry. This has led to prices continuing to rise so far through 2021. For most of 2020 the price for dysprosium oxide moved between $320 - $360 US/kg. But has seen a rapid rise in price since December 2020, with prices reaching over $600 US/kg in March 2021.

Dysprosium Price Chat:

Dysprosium Price Chat

Forecast:

According to IndustryARC, the dysprosium market is forecast to reach $756 million by 2025, after growing at a CAGR of 5.8% from 2020-2025. With growing demand for electricity for daily life purposes, the dysprosium market is witnessing an increase in demand. Growth in shipbuilding will further enhance the overall market demand for Dysprosium during the forecast period.

According to the report from Express Wire, the global NdFeB market is valued at 5970.2 million USD in 2020 and is expected to reach 7309.3 million USD by the end of 2026, growing at a CAGR of 2.9% during 2021-2026.

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